Internships

     Alright so, you probably heard of something called an "internship", if you haven't don't fret, internships allow students to work for an employer for a short time period during the summer (traditional internships are 3 months long). Essentially, they help you get a feel for what career you'd like to pursue and to build your experience along the way.

     Internships can be paid or unpaid — though, if they are unpaid, they’re usually subject to stringent labor guidelines. In the U.S., federal law mandates that unpaid interns must not benefit the company economically or be used to displace the work done by paid employees. Some states have their own regulations regarding interns. For example, in California, unpaid interns must receive college credit for their work.

     Most American internships are work experience internships — essentially on-the-job training in a field that the student wants to learn more about. But there are also research internships, more common in scientific fields, in which a higher-level student examines a particular topic on behalf of a business before producing a written study or presentation.

     Employment isn’t guaranteed at the end of an internship, but many employers use internships as a way to train and evaluate future employees. So, there is a high chance to land a job after an internship, and thus getting one is very important for an engineering student!
     Summer internship application season actually begins in autumn of the year prior, around the time universities hold their fall career fairs. It runs all the way up to late May, with the heaviest volume of applications generally received between late February and early April.

     Government organizations, engineering firms, financial institutions and defense contractors typically have some of the earliest deadlines, partly because of intense competition and partly because due to lengthy background checks. For example, the Central Intelligence Agency’s internship programs stop accepting next summer’s applications after Oct. 15 and the State Department’s deadline is Nov. 1. Some of the more prominent journalism internships — i.e. the New York Times, Wall Street Journal and Dallas Morning News — have fall application dates as well.

     Summer internships that take place overseas and are facilitated by a third party program also look to fill spots as early as possible, typically by fall or winter. A lot of paperwork goes into arranging these experiences on the student side, so it’s probably just as well. Because internships abroad can be really expensive, be sure to ask your host program about financial aid options. There are a number of scholarships available for internships abroad, especially ones that qualify for academic credit.

     Given the crowded market for summer internships — especially over the last two summers — it’s probably a good idea to start looking for opportunities before winter break, even if you don’t want to work one of the internship types mentioned above. Try to make an appointment with your career counselor or a Live Coach by Thanksgiving, so you have lots of time to consider options.
 
Remember: Unlike college programs, there are no industry-specific, standard deadlines for getting an internship. If summer arrives and you’ve still had no luck, you can still pursue internships with less traditional dates and hours.
  • Be ready to send an error free, grammatically correct resume and cover letter to the employer. Provide all references with a copy of your resume as well as any additional information on any special skills and accomplishments they might not know about. 

  • Some allow you to submit transcripts and recommendation letters, be sure to allow ample time to get these documents together.

     Visit Resume/Cover Letter and Tips to learn how to create your own resume/cover letter and to also learn about some tips on getting your application noticed!

        Well look no further, the University of Michigan - Dearborn offers a site, University of Michigan-Dearborn Symplicity Career Connections, to help student find and apply to jobs, internships and Co-Ops; to schedule appointments; and to view campus and employer recruiting events. 
        Another great source to find internships is the following database that the ISC club has created, it includes information about the employer, pay, employer location, majors accepted, citizenship status required, and tips to applying! You can download the list here: ISC Internship database.
        Most positions require candidates for regular U.S. positions must be a U.S. citizen or national, or an alien admitted as permanent resident, refugee, asylee or temporary resident under 8 U.S.C. 1160(a) or 1255(a)(1). Individuals with temporary visas such as E, F-1, H-1, H-2, L, B, J, or TN or who need sponsorship for work authorization now or in the future, are not eligible for hire. This was taken into consideration when creating the ISC internship database.
There are two main types of interviews engineers will have, behavioral or technical interview.

          In the case of a behavioral interview, you will be asked a series of questions that require you to answer what you would do in a hypothetical situation or talk about past experiences. To prepare for this kind of interview view the following list of behavioral interview questions.

          In the case of a technical interview, you should look over subject material that is relevant to the position you are being interviewed for. If you are interviewing for a software position you should check out Cracking the Coding Interview.